Hello and welcome to all. Just call me “Joanie” and I hope you will join this Christian blog and we can have some lively chats. This blog is non-denominational and non-controversial. It is designed to present biblical history, and other biblical-related Christian topics. You will not find “hell-fire and damnation” preaching here. Open discussion is encouraged. I will contribute articles to share with you and hope we can learn more about the Bible, it truly is like an onion; layer upon layer.
Trumpets play an important role in the lives of Israelites. The instrument is prominent as Joshua conquers Jericho and in many other occasions. Silver trumpets are associated with redemption or war and used only by the priests; and the trumpets could sound 100 notes. The shofar (ram’s horn) is also used in feasts and other special events. In some writings trumpet and shofar are used interchangeably; and in other writings, it is not clear what instrument is being used. However, both the trumpet and shofar remain important parts of Jewish lives as well as the Christian faith. Many Bible scholars believe the seven main feasts to be discussed are a foreshadowing of Jesus Christ and the rapture of the Church (Seventh trumpet in Revelation).
Beginning in spring, on the New Moon, priests sound two silver trumpets to announce the New Year and the Feast of Passover, also known as the Feast of Weeks, representing the flight from Egypt with Moses and the sojourn in the wilderness. On that first Passover in Nissan, the Israelites were told to slay a lamb and place its blood on their doorframes. This was the night all the firstborn in Egypt were slain except for the Israelites who were protected by the blood of the lamb. Christ was crucified during the Passover and gave his blood to cover our sins. He is also the firstborn of His father, God.
The Feast of Unleavened Bread. During the Exodus, there was no time to wait for the leavening of bread, escaping Egypt was imminent. During the Last Supper, unleavened bread was served. In the Bible, Leavening is a symbol of sin. The Feast of Unleavened bread represents sinless perfection. In remembrance of Jesus at the Last Supper, He broke the unleavened bread, to symbolize His sinlessness and that His body that would be broken on the cross. The wine represented the blood he would he would give. Now, when Jesus told the apostles to eat the bread (His body) and drink the wine (His Blood), He was not trying to get them or us to turn into cannibals. He was telling them to take this remembrance into their hearts and minds. The bread and wine are symbolic as well as the eating and drinking. The bread and wine do not miraculously turn into the body and blood of our Lord, they are symbolic. Regarding the precious blood of the Lord, He did not “spill” his blood for us, spilling something is accidental; He sacrificed his body and blood as planned by Almighty God to provide our salvation. Jesus was buried during the Feast of Unleavened Bread.
The Feast of the First Fruits is observed on the day of the following Sabbath. Offerings of wheat are usually made for this feast due to the current harvest of this crop. This feast acknowledges the fertility of the land that God gave to them. No one could eat of the first harvest until the feast began. Jesus was resurrected during this event becoming the first fruit of those who had died.
The Feast of Pentecost occurs fifty days after the last day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, when a new meat offering is offered to God. This event occurs in May or June (Christian calendar) marking the summer harvest. This is an occasion for the people to give thanksgiving to the Lord being so merciful to them. Pentecost is especially important to Christians because this is the event when the Holy Spirit came upon the apostles and other believers present. They became the first fruits of the Church. Two loaves of bread were waved at this feast and it is believed that they represent Israel and the Christian church. It was on this occasion that the Church was born.
The fall feasts begin with the Feast of the Trumpets. According to Leviticus, it was required by God that on the first day of the seventh month (September on Christian calendar), Israelites were to have a memorial of blowing the trumpets. No work is to be done during this feast and only burnt or sin offerings could be offered. Christians associate the trumpets with the trumpets of judgement in the Revelation.
Following the Feast of the Trumpets is the Day of Atonement, the holiest of the festivals. It occurs on the tenth day of the seventh month (Sept. on Christian calendar) when an offering is made by fire to God. It is a day of confessions and asking for forgiveness and as the feast comes to a close, there is a long and solemn blowing of the trumpets. It symbolizes the gates of Heaven closing – a warning to get right with God before it becomes too late.
The seventh feast, The Feast of Tabernacles, also occurs in the the seventh month (Sept. on Christian Calendar) on the fifthteenth day. Israelites traveled to Jerusalem where they built temporary shelters and stayed there for a week. This occasion represented the sheltering of God’s people the wilderness. Currently, Israelites build little booths outside their residences to memorialize the tabernacles their ancestors built in their ancient sojourn.
Summary: Moses, at God’s command, instituted the first three feasts; and then came the Pentecost. These four feasts have been fulfilled. If you follow the idea of the seven feasts foreshadowing the life of Christ, then the other three are yet to be fulfilled.
The trumpets will sound and the “Catching up” or Rapture will occur marking the return of Christ.
The Day of Atonement will become the Day of Judgement with Jesus being mediator and His blood our sacrifice.
Each year, the Israelites build little booths outside their residences to memorialize the tabernacles their ancestors built in the wilderness. Jesus told us that in his father’s house, there are many mansions (shelters, tabernacles).
Holy Bible from the Ancient Eastern Aramaic of the Peshitta. 1957. G. Lamsa, translator. New York, NY. A. J. Holman. Bible Publisher.
Life Application Study Bible NIV. (2005). Tyndale House Publishers, Inc.; Carol Stream IL; Zondervan, Grand Rapids MI.
New King James Version Study Bible (2nd ed). 2007. Thomas Nelson, Nashville TN. Editors: E. D. Radmacher, R. A. Allen, and H. W. House.
The Apologetics Study Bible: Christian Standard Bible. (2017). T. Cabol, Ed. Nashville TN
The Jewish Nation, Containing an Account of Their Manners and Customs. (1848). London UK.
The Popular Encyclopedia of Bible Prophecy. (2004). LaHaye. T. and Hinson, E. (Eds). Eugene OR; Harvest House Pub. .
Exodus 3:13-15.Then Moses said to God, “Indeed, when I come to the children of Israel and say to them, ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they say to me, ‘What is His name?’ what shall I say to them?” 14And God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM.” And He said, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.’ ” 15Moreover God said to Moses, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel: ‘The Lord God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you. This is my name forever, and this is my memorial to all generations’ (NKJV 2007).
I AM, as translated from the ancient Koine Greek “Ego eim`e,” means I exist and It is. That is a powerful declaration. He is a living God who created the universe, what He is, and what He wills to be. He is omnipotent. He is everything to us. The I Am in the Old Testament declares God’s existence, His authority and proclaims His greatness (the Great I AM). Jesus, in the New Testament, declares His identity to show who He is. He also is everything to mankind and the only way to God. Jesus proclaims His “I AMs” in the Book of John where he equates Himself with the Great I AM. The most important of all the statements are in John after Jesus tells them’ I am not of this world’ (NKJV 2007).
There are over 300 I AMs from Genesis to the Revelation that are connected to God and Jesus. In the Book of John alone, there are seven, plus Jesus’ admission that He is not of this world.
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made. 4 In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. 5 And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not [a]comprehend it (John 1:1 NIV 2005).
Jesus said, “My kingdom is not of this world. If it were, my servants would fight to prevent my arrest by the Jewish leaders. But now my kingdom is from another place.” (John 18: 36 NIV 2005).
But he continued, “You are from below; I am from above. You are of this world; I am not of this world (John 8:23 NIV 2005).
Jesus’ I AM statements in the Book of John: John 8: 12-13; 10: 1, 9: 10: 14; 11:2-5; 14:6; and 15:5.
I AM the bread of life.
I AM the light of the world.
I AM the door.
I AM the good shepherd.
I AM the resurrection and the life.
I AM the way, the truth and the life.
I AM the true vine.
Life Application Study Bible. (2005). Grand Rapids MI: Tendale House Publishing, Carol Stream, IL, and Zondervan, Grand Rapids MI.
New King James Version Study Bible. (2007). Nashville TN: Thomas Nelson.
Read Japheth: Son of Noah to learn who Magog really is: Mistranslation of Hebrew words are not uncommon in the Old Testament. There were different versions of this ancient language due to distance between tribes and therefore hard to get the translations always correct. It has taken centuries to get it right. It is still the Word of God; it’s the translators believing they are correct are the problems, but overall, they have done their best and modern technology and finding the Dead Sea Scrolls have helped immensely. Always check the notes in your Bibles for clarification. The Torah commentary has great notes and you do not have to be Jewish to appreciate them. The new King James version study Bible is another good source. The NIV is also good. I do not use the paraphrased Bibles at all and I never recommend them. SEE the series on Noah and sons on pages 11 and 12. You might find an ancestor. Many biblical scholars jumped to the conclusion that Rosh meant Russia. This was improper research and nowhere else is it used – trying to find similar words in English. In its proper Hebrew language “rosh” means first, primary, and prominent. Magog is the most prominent son of Japheth, Magog, Tubal, and Mechech were first to settle Turkey.
Liminal space or existence in
religion is a sacred space in which dwells a sacred time. It means a threshold;
for the Christian, it means we live between heaven and the world. We are ready
on the threshold to step over into heaven, but have not yet received the call.
Living in the liminal (limen) is also described as “in-between-ness” and “already,
but not yet.” For the Christians who are
part of the Kingdom of God on Earth, this means the “already” pertains to
victory over sin, death, and hell (1 Cor. 15); the “not yet” means that
Christians are still living in a fallen world where sin is rampaging. We live
with God’s promise of victory, but have yet to enjoy the glory of heaven. Paul
wrote of this in Philippians 3:18-21. And while we wait, we live in the limen,
waiting for our call to cross over the threshold.
Theologians point to two examples in
the Old Testament of liminal space. One of the examples is about Jacob’s
encounter with God between Heaven and Earth (Gen. 28:12-19); the other is about
Isaiah’s meeting with God in the temple of holiness (Isa. 6:1-6). Theologians
also suggest that a person experiences the revelation of sacred knowledge from
God in this manner.
The Scriptures tell us about God and we can get a head
and heart knowledge of Him in a somewhat single dimension, but we know that God
is more than that because His fundamental nature is a mystery beyond our full
understanding, and it requires us to go beyond reading about Him to truly know
Him by using all our five senses. Church services often include the experience
of all our senses in symbolism and rites to bring us into a worshipful state of
mind. In many churches, when a person enters, they see inspirational
stained-glass windows; the Word of God is heard both in sermons and songs
praising God. People touch each other in greetings, their Bibles, their
hymnals. The faint scent of incense wafting from the censer can be detected and
the taste of bread and wine from the communion lingers – all reminders of Jesus
Christ, of the Father, of the Holy Spirit. When entering into the state of the
senses to be with God invite Him in and throw out your ego. To love God completely, we need to submit completely, worship Him
with all your senses and your mindset should be adjusted toward a relationship
with Him. “Loving God is an act of the will that must engage the whole person”
(K. Boa, 2001).
”Love the Lord your God with
all your heart and with all your soul, and with your entire mind and with all
your strength” Mark 12:30 NIV).
We should think of God as someone we
can walk and talk with on a daily basis, not as some far-off aloof deity. I
cannot count the times I have heard someone say that they feel close to God
when they spend time walking in a park or other wooded area where they could meditate
and take a leisurely nature walk. A friend who mentors women at her church uses
a nature walk in her ministry. She took me on one of her walks to demonstrate
how calming and meditative the walk could be using all five senses in
At the head of the trail, she told
me that conversation would be kept to a bare minimum and we said a simple
prayer asking God to instill the mindset that we wanted to have a relationship
with Him and that we were submitting ourselves to His will, and we were willing
to worship Him with our entire range of senses. I recommend that you
concentrate on one sense at a time for a better and more memorable experience.
How you choose the order of your senses (see, hear, touch, smell, and taste) is
up to you.
For example, let’s say you are
taking this walk and will be concentrating on sight as your first sense. Look
around you; what do you see? Really see? Is it the shape of leaves, insects,
birds in flight, a creek, colors of nature, the sky and the clouds? They are
all parts of God’s creation we look past every day in our busy lives and all
which have a purpose for being. Stop along the walk, close your eyes. What do
you hear? Do you hear bird songs, the hum of cicadas, the chirp of crickets,
the wind rustling through the leaves, water trickling over rocks, the voice of
God? What are you stopping to touch? Is
it the texture of bark, the smoothness of a river rock, a pretty wildflower,
the wind touching your skin, the hand of God? As you continue your walk with
God, what do you smell? It is the earthy fragrance of loamy soil and the scent
of wildflowers blending for natural incense? God gave directions to Moses in
Exodus 30 on how to make incense especially for Him. And God likes the aroma of
Christ in Christians (2 Cor. 2: 15-16) As for taste, it could be the sweet
taste of life for the experience of walking with God or the actual taste of
something you may find on your walk such as berries. I would like to think it
was both. At trail’s end, it would be nice to show your appreciation for God’s
creations in the natural world with a “thank you prayer.”
Mary Magdalene was not a prostitute and she was not called a prostitute
until the sixth century when Pope Gregory misidentified her in trying to
identify a woman who washed and anointed the feet of Jesus. Mary’s name is neither
mentioned in the text nor the town she from which she came. She was always
addressed as Mary of Magdalena or Mary Magdalene(a).. The popes are only
considered infallible by their church on doctrinal/dogmatic matters. Calling
Mary a whore was not something he had a right to do. In 1969, Pope Paul VI effectively
repealed and separated Mary Magdalene from this disrespectful slur on her name
– over 1400 years after Gregory misidentified her. In Luke 8, she is listed
with two other women and all three are considered wealthy and helped fund the
ministry of Jesus.
always, pray without ceasing, give thanks in all circumstances, for this is the
will of God in Christ Jesus for you9” 1 Thessalonians 5.
Yes, Protestants have a rosary. Most of us are familiar with the Roman
Catholic rosary, but every major religious tradition has included the use of
prayer beads or a prayer rope tied in intricate knots. The tradition goes back
thousands of years. The Anglican/Episcopal (Protestant) rosary is different
from the Roman Catholic rosary in that it has fewer beads and has no set
prayers. You pray what is on your heart. There has been a recent surge of
interest among Protestants to use the Anglican rosary and women’s groups in some
churches are making them to distribute to encourage prayer. Because other Protestant denominations use the
Anglican rosary, it will be referred to as the Protestant rosary. The Anglican
Church was the first Protestant breakaway church from the Roman Catholic
Church. This article will explain the origin and meaning of the Protestant
rosary, how to pray it, and how to make your own to make it more personal.
Origin of Christian Rosaries
The origin of the Roman Catholic
rosary occurred sometime between the 12th and 15th
centuries. It was in the mid-1980s, when The Rev. Lynn Baumann created the
Anglican rosary to aid in completive prayer1. There is a difference between meditation
and contemplation. Meditation is the active partner of contemplation in that it
involves action (unhurried) through reading scripture and quiet outward prayer
(usually). Contemplation is the quiet, still partner that involves being
patient and waiting to receive what God offers while you pray inwardly because
you have entered into the prayer of Jesus; meaning that you are spiritually
Why pray a rosary?
The main reason for praying a rosary is that it helps deepen your
prayer life. The touch of the beads aids in focusing on your prayers, and helps
keep your mind from wandering. What lies in your heart, your focus, and your
intent are important. The rosary is only one of several ways to engage in
prayer. “Remember, you are free to pray
the rosary any way you wish. It is a private devotion3.” We pray to talk to God and to listen to Him.
The true purpose of prayer is to be calm in our spirit to allow God to speak to
us. Praying the rosary is an aid to help us enter into His presence.
Difference between Catholic and Protestant
It may help to know the difference between the Roman Catholic and the
Protestant rosaries, especially if you want to make your own or as a gift. The
Protestant or Anglican rosary is made up of 33 beads while the Catholic rosary
has 59. The Anglican rosary is divided into four weeks of seven days each; the
Catholic rosary has five divisions of ten (decade) beads each. A single large
bead separates the divisions on both rosaries. The Anglican rosary features a
plain cross, while the Catholic rosary features a crucifix and small religious medal4. The rosaries are prayed by touching the cross
and each successive bead in order. The difference in this is that there are no
set prayers for the Anglican prayer beads. Instead, the rosary is to be an aid
to meditative prayer that Christians can adapt to their own spiritual needs.
The Catholic rosary is prayed in a traditional devotional pattern that also involves
the recitation of Hail Mary on each of the decade beads5. A word of caution here, any kind of prayer in
any denomination can become empty phrases. Always pray from the heart.
The Anglican rosary was designed to be symbolic as well as a prayer and
meditation aid. The 33 beads represent the 33 years Jesus lived among us. The
cross is a reminder of why Jesus died on the cross, our identity in Him, and to
pick up the cross and follow Him. The Cruciform (large) beads form the points
of the cross and also represent the four cardinal points of the earth, the four
seasons, the sanctity of time, and the Creation. The large bead above the cross
is called the Invitatory bead which is an invitation to trust God, offer our
worship and praise. When the rosary is arranged in a circle, it represents
God’s unending love and our Christian unity. The four groups of seven beads are
called Weeks. The seven beads represent the seven days of the Creation and the
Sabbath, our offerings, time, and lives. Seven is associated with completion
and perfection in Hebrew and Christian mysticism. This does not mean that we
have achieved perfection yet, but it is the continuing work of God in each of
us toward that goal6.
According to Delaney (2013), it is traditional to use the number seven
to represent spiritual perfection and contemplation. Furthermore, according to
tradition, the rosary circle is prayed in an unhurried manner, bead by bead,
three times to emphasize the Holy Trinity. “In the Middle Eastern tradition, 99
is the complete number for Divine names,” (Delaney, 2013). He further states
that if the cross is prayed at the beginning or the end, then the total would
be 100, matching the Orthodox rosary and signifies the fullness of creation.
Following the rosary prayers, a period of silence is usually observed for
reflection (Delaney, 2013).
Praying the rosary
If you have not used a rosary, it will take a
little practice to become comfortable using it. If at all possible pray around
the rosary three times because as you settle down in the prayers, you will go
deeper into them and meditation and contemplation are made more possible. Begin
with holding the cross in one hand and slide the fingers of your hand over the
beads. The first large bead above the Invitatory bead is the first Cruciform
bead and where you begin your journal around the rosary to the right
(counterclockwise). The rosary is also known as the circle of prayer
Following is an example of praying the rosary. You can write your own
prayers, use scriptures, or use prayers from books printed for this purpose and
inspirational poetry. If you have a Common Book of Prayer as used by the
Episcopalians, there are many appropriate prayers that could be used. Let us
cross: In the name of God, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Amen.
Invitatory bead: Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit.
As it was in the beginning, is now, and will be forever.
Cruciform beads: Be the eye of God dwelling with me, the foot of Christ in
guidance with me, the shower of the Spirit pouring on me, richly and
generously.(Pray this on each of the four beads). After the first Cruciform
bead, pause and offer thanksgiving, intercessions, and petitions, and then
continue on with the Weeks beads. If you think of another prayer, pause after
the next Cruciform bead and offer that prayer.
Weeks: (Pray each phrase on a separate bead; repeat on all four sets; on the
last round drop down to the Invitatory bead and cross and close).
before the Father who made me,
before the Son who saved me,
before the Spirit who guides me in love and adoration,
the Name of the one on high.
before thee Sacred Three,
One, the Trinity7.
Invitatory (on the last time around): The Lord’s Prayer.
Cross (on the last time around): Let us (I) bless the Lord. Thanks be to God.
“Remember, you are free to pray the rosary any way you wish. It is a private devotion8.”
Making the rosary
The rosary is a time-honored pathway to prayer. You can purchase an
Anglican rosary at most Christian book stores, online at Amazon or specialty
sites, and some jewelry stores, or make your own. By making your own rosary, it
is personal and more meaningful to you. I suggest that if you make it; start
with the basic 33-bead rosary to give you a feel for how it is constructed. You can make it as simple or as elaborate as
you wish. The rosary is made for prayer and it is up to you and how you want to
use your creativity.
ExampleThe rosary below was purchased online and is made from olive wood. Spacer beads are used before and after the Cruciform (large) beads and the Invitatory bead above the Cross. The bead count for this rosary is 28 medium beads, 4 large Cruciform beads, I Invitatory bead, and a cross, and 10 small spacer beads.
Photo courtesy of R. Millsap (2009)
1Delaney, C. (2013). Differences between the Anglican & Catholic rosary.
Ph.D. (2013). Anglican prayer beads:
Prayer for joyful journeys. Lexington, KY Joyful Rhythms
4Delaney, C. (2013). Differences between the Anglican & Catholic rosary.
6Rick Millsap. (2009). The
Anglican rosary. Retrieved from www.trinityreno.org/Anglican%20Rosary.pdf
by Sister Brigit, Carol, S.D.
by Pope John Paul II.
9Life Application Study Bible –New International Version (NIV). (2005). Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale House Publishers.