the Oldest Biblical Related Book: Enoch
V. J. Berry
The Book of Enoch asserts that it
contains the gathered, sacred writings of the pre-flood patriarch and prophet,
Enoch (Church, 2017). It is believed by biblical scholars that the book is the
oldest book written because it is mentioned in Genesis. Several accounts that
appear in Genesis first appear in the Book of Enoch written ca. 300 B.C.E.
(Lamsa, 1957). The Book of Genesis was written after the Exodus during the 15th
century B.C.E.that is accredited to Moses as the author. Enoch’s writings
describe 7,000 years of world history and the events that would occur even to
the “latter days” and the Tribulation period (Burns, 2006-2016).
Although the Book of Enoch is not a part
of the canon, it is considered to be a sacred book much revered by Jews and
Gentiles alike well into the 8th century C. E. Its contents were
also quoted by theologians into the 9th century C. E. The prophet
Enoch was well known among Jews, Muslims, Mohammedans, and mentioned in the
Koran (Schodde, G., 1882). When there
was a doubt about the authenticity of the authorship of the book, R. I. Burns (2006/2016) presented 110 pages of
evidence to prove that Enoch really wrote the book that bears his name.
Enoch is one of four biblical persons bearing
that same name: (1) oldest son of Cain (Gen. 4:17); (2) the second son of Jared
(Gen. 5: 18); (3) the son of Midian (Gen. 25:4); (4) the oldest son of Reuben
(Gen. 45:9, Ex. 6:4). The prophet Enoch being discussed in this paper is the
second son of Jared because of the prominence given him in the following
scriptures: Gen. 5: 18-24; Jude 1: 14-15; Hebrews 11:15; Book of Enoch 68: 1.
He is 7th from Adam. There are 70 generations from his son,
Methuselah, to Jesus. He lived 365 years on earth and was taken by God and did
not see death (Schodde, 1882).
The Book of Enoch was written in ancient
Aramaic and was neither changed nor revised. To this end, the Patriarchate of
the East, in 1957, praised the translation of the book by Lamsa (1957) as being
a most excellent, accurate work. He said as follows:
The Church of the East
received the scripture from the hands of the blessed Apostles themselves in the
Aramaic original, the language spoken by our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and the
Pershitta is the text of the Church of the East which has come down from the
biblical times without any change or revision.
The ancient Eastern
texts translated from the Aramaic are closely related to ancient Hebrew much like the relationship of American English
and English spoken in Great Britain. The ancient Aramaic language was spoken
and written by the Jewish people from the 4th to 6th
century B. C. E. from Persia to Europe and along the Nile River area through the
length of Egypt. Due to the similarity of the ancient languages of Aramaic and
Hebrew, words were often interchanged. Ancient Aramaic was the language of the
church as it spread eastward (Lamsa, 1957).
Descriptions of Sections One and Two of the
Book of Enoch
Following are brief descriptions of the first
ten chapters of the Book of Enoch which demonstrates the similarity to Genesis
that was written 300 years later (Lamsa, 1957).
Chapter One: Enoch prophecies the
destruction of the earth – it will be submerged but a remnant will be saved. He
further describes who that remnant will be.
Chapter Two: He records his
astronomic observations and that the luminaires of the sky do not depart from
Chapters three, four, and five:
Enoch describes the work of God in creation. He also warns the people for their
lack of obeying God’s commandments and reminds them of the final judgment and
destruction of sinners — they will be cursed eternally. For the chosen, they
will receive light, joy, peace, and wisdom forevermore.
Chapter six: Enoch recalls the
angels lusting after the children of mankind and took many as wives. This
chapter leads into Chapter seven and details of this event.
Chapter seven: The angles taught
their wives and children how to make charms and conjurations. . The descendants
of this culture were giants who consumed all that could eaten including each
other, and drank the blood of their victims.
Chapter eight: Enoch continues:
Mankind was taught to make swords, knives, shields, coats of mail, and how to
see behind them. They were also taught how to create works of art, jewelry, and
how to use the metals of the earth. And there was great wickedness upon the
earth. Enoch also gives the names of the angles and what specials skills they possessed.
Chapter nine: Michael, Gabriel,
Surjan, and Urjan (good angles) appealed to God for a solution to this problem.
Chapter ten: God response: God spoke
and sent Arsjalojur to the son of Lemech and ordered him to tell the son, in
God’s name, to hide and reveal to him the end which is to come. The whole earth
will be destroyed, and the water of the deluge will come over the whole earth
and what is upon it will be destroyed. And instruct him that he may escape and
his seed remain on the whole earth. In later chapters, Enoch tells of
shortening the lifespan of mankind after the great flood.
God did not stop
there. For further reading of the Book of Enoch, you may find a good
translation at: http://www.hermetics.org/pdf/enoch.pdf
Burns, R. I.
(2006/2016). The Book of Enoch. San
Francisco, CA: Messianic Prophecy Edition.
Church, J. R. (2017). Enoch the first book ever written.
Oklahoma City, OK: Prophecy Publication.
Lamas, G. M. (trans).
(1957). Holy Bible from the ancient
Eastern text. New York, NY: Harper Collins Pub. (George M. Lama’s
translation from the Aramaic of the Pershitta, 1933/1957).
Schodde, G. (1882). The Book of Enoch: Translation from the
Ethiopic with introduction and notes. Andover, OH: Warren Draper.
Noah and Enoch lived about 1500 yrs after the creation.
The first reference is the original translation of Enoch/
the second reference is the latest one. Read the Watchers chapter first.
*always look for this in translations. It is a true copy.